The olive tree, a plant present in our country for over 2000 years, symbol of the Mediterranean diet heritage of UNESCO and which sees in Tuscany the cradle of its main oil varieties. Since the dawn of our Company we offer the main cultivars of our region and others, from Oil and Table.
2/ 3/ 5 years + some varieties 25-30 yo
Synonyms: Holm Oak, Holly Oak, Wild Olive. Agronomic Characteristics: Autosterile with a low rate of flower abortion. Flowering occurs from late May to early June, with predominant fruiting in the basal and middle parts of the branches. High and consistent production with early and uniform maturation. The fruits are used for oil extraction and as "black" table olives. Tree: High vigor. Semipendulous growth with an expanded and dense canopy. Fruit: Color at harvest is black-violet. Early and simultaneous ripening. Elongated or ellipsoidal oval shape with a rounded apex and flattened base.
Synonyms: Long Olive, Correggiolo, Frantoiano, Common Olive, Solciaro, Nostrato, Raggio, Rajo, Razza, Raggiolo, Crognolo, Razzo, Gentile, Bresa Fina, Infrantoio, Laurino, Pendaglio, Pignatello, Stringona. Agronomic Characteristics: Self-fertile, benefits from cross-pollination with certain varieties. Good pollinator for numerous other cultivars, with a low rate of ovary abortion. High and consistent fruiting, staggered and late ripening. Produces very precious, refined, flavorful, and aromatic oil. Tree: Medium vigor with a semi-pendulous growth habit and an expanded, moderately dense canopy. Fruit: Color at harvest is green, turning purple or black. Late and gradual ripening. Elongated oval shape with slight asymmetry and medium size.
Synonyms: Weeping Olive, Maurino Florentine. Agronomic Characteristics: Self-incompatible, good pollinators: "Leccino", "Rossellino Cerretano", "Weeping", "Moraiolo", and "Frantoio". Excellent pollinator for many cultivars, low ovary abortion rate (10-15%). Fairly early flowering, high and consistent production. Medium-early and simultaneous ripening. Yields well in the mill with oil appreciated for its sensory characteristics. Tree: Medium vigor with a pendulous growth habit and a moderately expanded, dense canopy. Fruit: Color at harvest is black. Medium-early and simultaneous ripening. Ellipsoidal shape, asymmetrical, and small in size. Maximum diameter position: center-apical with a rounded apex and rather tapered base.
Area Diffusion: A variety from France also widespread in Italy. Agronomic Characteristics: Partially self-fertile, high and consistent productivity. Late ripening, considered a dual-purpose cultivar. Produces the best oil from reddish-black fruits. Tree: Medium vigor with an upright growth habit. Fruit: Ellipsoidal shape, average weight 5 g, small pit (stone). Pulp-to-pit ratio is 95%.
Area Diffusion: Italy.
The Itrana olive, also known as Trana olive, is vigorous and cold-resistant, with a uniquely flavored fruit. It is marketed as "oliva di Gaeta" due to the historical presence of olive groves in Gaeta, although nowadays, a significant portion of the production comes from Itri, located about 5 km from the sea. The plant is self-sterile and benefits from pollination by Leccino and Pendolino cultivars. The fruit is suitable for both oil production and table consumption.
The oil is intense, slightly salty, and very pleasant.
Synonyms: Grossa di Andria, Oliva di Andria, Oliva grossa. Aria Diffusione: Found in the Andria area and neighboring municipalities, covering around a thousand hectares. Agronomic Characteristics: It is self-sterile. Comes into production at a medium rate. Early and staggered color change (invaiatura). Average pulp-to-pit ratio. Tree: Medium vigor, with an expanded growth habit and medium canopy density. Fruit: Very high weight (6-7 g), spherical shape, and slightly asymmetrical.
Synonyms: Ruzzolino, Morinello, Morellino, Morello, Oriolo, Corniolo, Cimignolo, Fosco, Nostrale, Assisano. Agronomic Characteristics: Self-sterile. Good pollinators: "Rosino", "Pendolino", "Lazzero", "Morchiaio", "Razzaio", "Maremmano", "Americano". Less effective pollinators: "Leccino", "Razzo", "Grossolana", "Gremignolo di Guasticce", and "Gremignolo di Bolgheri". Flowers with aborted ovaries < 25%. Intermediate flowering. Olives ripen at a medium-early pace. Oil is valued for its squalene content. Tree: Vigor: medium. Growth habit: tends to be upright. Canopy: not very expansive and moderately dense. Fruit: Color at harvest: black-violet. Color change (invaiatura): medium and gradual. Shape: short ellipsoidal or spheroidal. Symmetry: slightly asymmetrical. Size: medium. Maximum diameter position: central or apical. Apex: rounded. Base: rounded and flattened at the peduncular cavity level.
Synonyms: Razzola, Maurino lucchese. Agronomic Characteristics: This cultivar is self-incompatible and has inter-incompatibility with "Rama Pendula" (1, 2, 3, 4). Ovary abortion is less than 10%. Good pollinators include "Lazzero", "Grappolo", and "Gremignolo di Bolgheri". Early flowering, abundant production of fertile pollen. Moderate productivity, good oil yield. Medium-early and simultaneous ripening. Seeds used for rootstock seedlings. Tree: Vigor: medium. Growth habit: pendulous. Canopy: compact and dense. Fruit: Color at harvest: black-violet. Color change (invaiatura): simultaneous and medium-early. Shape: ovoid. Symmetry: slightly asymmetric. Size: medium-small. Maximum diameter position: central. Apex: sub-conical or rounded. Base: flattened.
Synonyms: Oliva di S.Biagio, Oliva di San Giacomo, Oliva lucchese. Agronomic Characteristics: Self-sterile, high ovary abortion (60%). Medium-early ripening, harvested mainly in the second half of September. High and consistent productivity. Oil yield around 17%. Tree: Vigor: high. Growth habit: semi-pendulous. Canopy: expanded and dense. Fruit: Color at harvest: green or black. Color change (invaiatura): early and gradual. Shape: ovoid. Symmetry: asymmetric. Size: very large. Maximum diameter position: basal or central. Apex: sub-conical and eccentric. Base: rounded, depressed, and sometimes flattened.
Synonyms: None Agronomic Characteristics: Self-sterile, requires pollinators such as "Frantoio", "Leccino", and "Pendolino". Ovary abortion affects 15-20% of flowers. High but alternating productivity. Fruits ripen late and staggered. Tree: Vigor: medium. Growth habit: pendulous. Canopy: expanded and very dense. Fruit: Color at harvest: purple or black. Color change (invaiatura): medium-late and gradual. Shape: short ellipsoidal. Symmetry: slightly asymmetric. Size: small. Maximum diameter position: central. Apex: rounded. Base: rather flattened.
Synonyms: Oliva Noce (Maceratese) Vegetative Characteristics: Tree with a moderately upright growth habit, voluminous canopy, and elliptical leaves with intense green color on the upper side. Productive Characteristics: Comes into production early. Drupe of significant size (4-8 g) and ellipsoidal shape. Intermediate oil yield with late and staggered color change (invaiatura). Agronomic Characteristics: Self-sterile variety, with medium and consistent productivity. Moderate cold tolerance but highly susceptible to flies. Prefers fresh and loose soils with a good limestone content.